Physical Education (PE)
Physical Education (PE) contributes to the overall education of all children by helping them to lead full and valuable lives through engaging in purposeful and high-quality activity. Through a high-quality physical education programme, pupils develop physical competence and confidence and are given opportunities to be physically educated and become physically literate. PE at Tarporley CE Primary enables children to learn confidence, perseverance, team spirit, positive competitiveness and organisation. PE in our school encourages fitness, improves their strength and teaches them the rules of games. PE is an integral part of school practice and it allows all children to gain a sense of achievement, develop positive attitudes towards themselves and others whilst also enabling them to ‘Let their light shine’.
Physical activity is vital in children’s all-round development, enabling them to pursue happy, healthy and active lives. By creating games and providing opportunities for play both indoors and outdoors, adults can support children to develop their core strength, stability, balance, spatial awareness, co-ordination and agility. Gross motor skills provide the foundation for developing healthy bodies and social and emotional well-being. Fine motor control and precision helps with hand-eye co-ordination, which is later linked to early literacy.
Pupils should be taught to:
Gross Motor Skills
- Negotiate space and obstacles safely, with consideration for themselves and others.
- Demonstrate strength, balance and coordination when playing.
- Move energetically, such as running, jumping, dancing, hopping, skipping and climbing.
Fine Motor Skills
- Hold a pencil effectively in preparation for fluent writing – using the tripod grip in almost all cases.
- Use a range of small tools, including scissors, paint brushes and cutlery.
- Begin to show accuracy and care when drawing.
Key Stage 1:
Pupils should develop fundamental movement skills, become increasingly competent and confident and access a broad range of opportunities to extend their agility, balance and coordination, individually and with others. They should be able to engage in competitive (both against self and against others) and co-operative physical activities, in a range of increasingly challenging situations.
Pupils should be taught to:
- master basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching, as well as developing balance, agility and co-ordination, and begin to apply these in a range of activities.
- participate in team games, developing simple tactics for attacking and defending.
- perform dances using simple movement patterns.
Key Stage 2:
Pupils should continue to apply and develop a broader range of skills, learning how to use them in different ways and to link them to make actions and sequences of movement. They should enjoy communicating, collaborating and competing with each other. They should develop an understanding of how to improve in different physical activities and sports and learn how to evaluate and recognise their own success.
Pupils should be taught to:
- use running, jumping, throwing and catching in isolation and in combination.
- play competitive games, modified where appropriate [for example, badminton, basketball, cricket, football, hockey, netball, rounders and tennis], and apply basic principles suitable for attacking and defending.
- develop flexibility, strength, technique, control and balance [for example, through athletics and gymnastics].
- perform dances using a range of movement patterns.
- take part in outdoor and adventurous activity challenges both individually and within a team.
- compare their performances with previous ones and demonstrate improvement to achieve their personal best.
Swimming and water safety
Pupils are taught to:
- swim competently, confidently and proficiently over a distance of at least 25 metres.
- use a range of strokes effectively.
- perform safe self-rescue in different water-based situations.
Here at Tarporley CE Primary, our children will particpiate in a PE curriculum which is inclusive and progressive and allows all children the opportunity to acquire and develop fundamental knowledge, understanding, skills and techniques. Through their PE lessons, the children will apply these elements to a wide variety of different sports and activites and will be confident to compete against their peers. Their PE lessons will promote a mental and physical lifestyle and our children will gain the social skills to work as a team, participating with partners and in small or larger teams through co-operation, and also self-critique their own performances whilst using the technical vocabulary that they have been taught. They will understand the need to play fairly and within set rules and be able to explain some of these rules and how to apply these rules to a game. Our children will be able to demonstrate skills and use of equipment safely and confidently including getting out and putting away. They will understand the need to keep fit and healthy and know how to do this in a safe, enjoyable and responsible way. Furthermore, the impact that exercise has on the body and mind will be understood by our children. Our teachers will assess the children on the areas of the curriculum being taught, to ensure that progression can be made through all year groups.
IN PE, we also measure impact by:
- Regular learning walks
- Pupil questionnaires
- PE Premium spend analysis
- Assessment data
BOOKS approach – links to other curriculum areas
At Tarporley CE, we want our curriculum to have the BOOKS approach: Demonstrate BRAVERY, be OUTWARD-FACING, create memorable OPPORTUNITIES, provide KNOWLEDGE and SKILLS and nurture SPIRITUALITY.
Contribution of PE to teaching in other curriculum areas:
- Links between PE and English include: writing sequences, following/giving instructions, oral/peer assessments, speaking and listening, and movement within drama.
- Links between PE and Mathematics include: measurement, shape and space, sequences, number, angles, position and movement, rotation and time.
- Children use capturing and recording equipment (cameras and videos) for evaluation/ development of skills. Videos of professional/skilled athletes are also used to help develop good technique.
- PSHE and PE links include following rules, living healthily, co-operating with others and understanding fairness and equality.
- Through sport children are taught the values of respect, trust, honesty, friendliness and perseverance.
- The school recognises that physical activity is just one element of healthy lifestyles and actively promotes healthy eating to help combat child obesity. These messages are shared in clubs, lessons and through cookery sessions with all age groups.
- PE offers many opportunities that support the social development of our children. Groupings allow children to work together and give them the chance to develop respect for the abilities of other children through collaborative and co-operative work, while gaining a better understanding of themselves.