What is Phonics?

What is Phonics?

Phonics is recommended as the first strategy that children should be taught in helping them to read and write. It runs alongside other teaching such as Guided Reading, Literacy lessons and shared reading to hopefully give children vital reading skills and a lifelong love of reading.

Children are taught all the sounds of the English language in a particular order which are known as phases. There are 6 phases in the Letters and Sounds programme which is the Department for Education’s phonics resource published in 2007. Children are then taught to blend (merge the sounds in the word to read e.g. c-a-t is cat) and segment (break up the word into the sounds that make it e.g. cat is c-a-t) in order to read and spell. Some words cannot be blended and segmented and these are known as tricky words (the, come and to are some examples).

Phonics at Tarporley

All phonics in EYFS and KS1 is taught following Letters and Sounds (2007). We use a range of other resources to supplement our planning in order to create a multisensory approach; for example Jolly Phonics and PhonicsPlay. We have adopted the suggested daily teaching sequence from Letters and Sounds; Revisit and Review, Teach, Practise, Apply.

Phonics teaching at Tarporley CE Primary is multisensory, encompassing simultaneous visual, auditory and kinaesthetic activities to enliven core learning. Phonics is taught in short, briskly paced sessions and then applied to reading and writing in a meaningful context.

All classroom environments have an age appropriate phonics display concentrating on sounds, spelling rules and patterns and Common Exception Words. At Tarporley CE Primary School we provide daily opportunities to reinforce and apply acquired phonic knowledge and skills across the curriculum and in such activities as shared guided reading and writing.

In order to ensure that children are reading books closely matched to their phonic knowledge, all reading books are labelled and organised according to the graphemes included in the text. Children will read at home and in school books that are closely matched to their phonics phase.

Below you will find links to websites and some videos which will help your child practise their phonics at home:






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Tarporley CE Primary, Park Road, Tarporley, Cheshire, CW6 0AN

Tel: 01829 708188 | Email: admin@tarporleyce.cheshire.sch.uk

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