What is Phonics?

What is Phonics?

Phonics is recommended as the first strategy that children should be taught in helping them to read and write. It runs alongside other teaching such as Guided Reading, Literacy lessons and shared reading to hopefully give children vital reading skills and a lifelong love of reading.

Children are taught all the sounds of the English language in a particular order which are known as phases. There are 6 phases in the Letters and Sounds programme which is the Department for Education’s phonics resource published in 2007. Children are then taught to blend (merge the sounds in the word to read e.g. c-a-t is cat) and segment (break up the word into the sounds that make it e.g. cat is c-a-t) in order to read and spell. Some words cannot be blended and segmented and these are known as tricky words (the, come and to are some examples).

Phonics at Tarporley

At Tarporley phonics is taught throughout Key Stage 1 and into the start of Key Stage 2 for 20-25 minutes each day. Phonics sessions are made up entirely of games, songs and activities related to the specific phase which your child is working on. Spellings are linked to the sounds the children have been learning in their phonics sessions that week. In addition, we include at least 2 ‘mystery spellings’ to check children can apply their phonics knowledge to new words.

We use a range of phonics schemes at Tarporley that we combine to create a bespoke programme for each year group, phase and learning style depending on the children we are teaching. When introducing the sounds we use the popular Jolly Phonics sounds and actions to help children remember the phoneme (what the letter sounds like) and the grapheme (what the letter looks like). You will find a video with all the Jolly Phonics sounds and actions at the bottom of this page.

Below you will find links to websites and some videos which will help your child practise their phonics at home:





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